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Clark v. DeMatteis

United States District Court, D. Delaware

September 30, 2019

EDWARD CLARK, Petitioner,
v.
CLAIRE DEMATTEIS, Commissioner, Delaware Department of Corrections, SHANE TROXLER, Bureau Chief, and ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE, Respondents.[1]

          J. Brendan O'Neill, Office of Defense Services for the State of Delaware, Wilmington, Delaware. Attorney for Petitioner.

          Brian L. Arban, Deputy Attorney General, Delaware Department of Justice, Wilmington, Delaware. Attorney for Respondents.

          MEMORANDUM OPINION

          STARK, U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Pending before the Court is an Application For A Writ Of Habeas Corpus Pursuant To 28 U.S.C. § 2254 ("Petition") filed by Petitioner Edward Clark ("Petitioner"). (D.I. 2) The State filed an Answer in opposition, to which Petitioner filed a Reply. (D.I. 11; D.I. 17) For the reasons discussed, the Court will dismiss Petitioner's § 2254 Petition as time-barred by the one-year period of limitations prescribed in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1).

         I. PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

         On June 9, 2010, Petitioner pled guilty to one count each of delivery of cocaine, trafficking cocaine (10 to 50 grams), maintaining a vehicle for keeping controlled substances, and endangering the welfare of a child. (D.I. 11 at 2) On that same day, the Superior Court sentenced Petitioner as a habitual offender to a total of twenty-two years of Level V incarceration, suspended after nine years for reduced levels of supervision. (D.I. 11 at 2) Petitioner did not file a direct appeal.

         On August 3, 2010, Petitioner filed a motion for modification of sentence, which the Superior Court denied on August 10, 2010. On May 24, 2011, Petitioner filed a pro se motion for post-conviction relief pursuant to Delaware Superior Court Criminal Rule 61. The Superior Court denied that motion on October 6, 2011. Petitioner did not appeal either decision. (D.I. 11 at 2)

         On March 27, 2015, Delaware's Office of Defense Services ("OPD") filed a second Rule 61 motion ("Rule 61 motion") on Petitioner's behalf. The Superior Court summarily dismissed the Rule 61 motion on April 10, 2015. (D.I. 11 at 2) The Delaware Supreme Court affirmed the Superior Court's denial of Petitioner's Rule 61 motion on November 18, 2015. See Clark p. State, 128 A. 3d 636 (Table), 2015 WL 7294558 pel. Nov. 18, 2015).

         On September 23, 2016, the OPD filed a § 2254 Petition on Petitioner's behalf, asserting that Petitioner's lack of knowledge of an evidence scandal at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner ("OCME") was material to his decision to plead guilty and, therefore, his guilty plea was involuntary pursuant to Brady v. United States, 397 U.S. 742, 748 (1970). (D.I. 2) Petitioner also argues that the Delaware Supreme Court made unreasonable findings of fact during his postconviction appeal regarding OCME misconduct. The State filed an Answer asserting that the Petition should be dismissed as time-barred or, alternatively, because the claim is meritless. (D.I. 11) Petitioner filed a Reply, conceding that the Petition was filed after the expiration of the statute of limitations period but asserting that it should be deemed timely filed through the application of the doctrine of equitable tolling. (D.I. 13 at 7)

         A. OCME CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION

         As summarized by the Delaware Supreme Court, the relevant information regarding the OCME evidence mishandling is set forth below:

In February 2014, the Delaware State Police ("DSP") and the Department of Justice ("DOJ") began an investigation into criminal misconduct occurring in the Controlled Substances Unit of the OCME.
The investigation revealed that some drug evidence sent to the OCME for testing had been stolen by OCME employees in some cases and was unaccounted for in other cases. Oversight of the lab had been lacking, and security procedures had not been followed. One employee was accused of "dry labbing" (or declaring a test result without actually conducting a test of the evidence) in several cases. Although the investigation remains ongoing, to date, three OCME employees have been suspended (two of those employees have been criminally indicted), and the Chief Medical Examiner has been fired.
There is no evidence to suggest that OCME employees tampered with drug evidence by adding known controlled substances to the evidence they received for testing in order to achieve positive results and secure convictions. That is, there is no evidence that the OCME staff "planted" evidence to wrongly obtain convictions. Rather, the employees who stole the evidence did so because it in fact consisted of illegal narcotics that they could resell or take for personal use.

Bnwn v. State, 108 A.3d 1201, 1204-05 (Del. 2015).

         II. TIMELINESS

         The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA") prescribes a one-year period of limitations for the filing of habeas petitions by state ...


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