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Inc. v. Gopro, Inc.

United States District Court, D. Delaware

September 12, 2019

360HEROS, INC., Plaintiff,
GOPRO, INC., Defendant.



         WHEREAS, Magistrate Judge Christopher J. Burke issued a Memorandum Order (D.I. 61) ("Order"), dated July 24, 2018, denying Defendant GoPro, Inc.'s ("GoPro" or "Defendant") motion to transfer (D.I. 28);

         WHEREAS, Defendant filed timely objections to the Order on August 7, 2018 (D.I. 65) ("Objections");

         WHEREAS, 360Heros, Inc. ("360Heros" or "Plaintiff") responded to the Objections on August 21, 2018 (D.I. 69);

         WHEREAS, the Court has considered the motion and order de novo, although a motion to transfer venue is non-dispositive and subject to a "clearly erroneous" or "contrary to law" standard of review, see In re Heckmann, 2011 WL 1219230, at * 1;[1]


         1. Defendant's Objections (D.I. 65) are OVERRULED.

         2. Magistrate Judge Burke's Order (D.I. 61) is ADOPTED.

         3. Defendant presents three issues in its Objections, each concerning how Magistrate Judge Burke weighed the Jumara factors. None warrant granting Defendant's motion to transfer.

         a. Defendant argues that Plaintiffs alleged forum shopping[2] weighs strongly in favor of transfer. (D.I. 65 at 4) As evidence of forum shopping, Defendant cites three adverse developments followed by near-simultaneous action on the part of Plaintiff: (1) in April 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California ("California Court") denied Plaintiff leave to amend its infringement contention to include the Omni rig, after which Plaintiff began considering a Delaware suit over the Omni rig; (2) in September 2017, Defendant informed Plaintiff that Plaintiff lacked standing to assert the '019 Patent, and, a few days later, Plaintiff filed suit in Delaware over the Omni rig; and (3) in November 2017, the California Court granted summary judgment in favor of Defendant on the basis of standing, while also expressing skepticism toward Plaintiffs infringement claims, after which Plaintiff moved to amend its Delaware complaint to include the Abyss and Odyssey rigs that had been the subject of the California suit.

         The Court is not persuaded that each of the allegedly adverse developments shows that Plaintiff was undertaking forum shopping. Plaintiff tried and failed to include the Omni rig in the California action, indicating that Plaintiff did not initially intend to use the Omni rig as a means to forum shop. Plaintiff subsequently filed the Delaware action over the Omni rig alone -as was within its right and for seemingly legitimate reasons (D.I. 61 at 8) - two months before the California Court's standing decision as to the Abyss and Odyssey rigs. Plaintiff could not have known that, two months later, the California Court would dismiss its case for lack of standing and question in dicta the merits of Plaintiff s infringement claims. Once the California Court dismissed the action before it, judicial economy warranted incorporating the infringement allegations against the Abyss and Odyssey rigs into the already-existing Delaware action.[3] Thus, Judge Burke properly concluded that "because (1) there are a number of clear, legitimate reasons why Plaintiff chose this forum for suit, and (2) the Court cannot firmly conclude that Plaintiff has engaged in forum shopping here, then (3) this factor weighs against transfer." (D.I. 61 at 11)

         b. Defendant argues that although Judge Burke considered Delaware public policy, he failed to account for California's public policy interest "in ensuring that its rulings are not circumvented." (D.I. 65 at 9) But Defendant fails to explain how any of the California Court's rulings are being circumvented.[4] Further, Judge Burke assigned this factor "minimal weight." (D.I. 61 at 20) Even assuming arguendo that this factor slightly favors transfer, it does not (in combination with the other factors) overcome the factors weighing against transfer.

         c. Defendant argues that Judge Burke erred in concluding that the convenience of the parties weighs slightly against transfer, but Defendant does not provide any specific contentions as to how Judge Burke erred. Instead of addressing any of the factors considered - (1) the parties' physical location; (2) the associated logistical and operational costs to the parties' employees; and (3) the relative ability of each party to bear the costs (D.I. 61 at 13) - Defendant reasons that because the previous case has been substantially litigated in California, it would be much more convenient to continue litigation there. (D.I. 65 at 10) The California Court may be familiar with the case, but the California action had not progressed so far that there is a convincing efficiency argument. Further, while Defendant rightly argues that it would be less burdensome for Defendant to litigate the case in California, Defendant does not address the increased burden to Plaintiff or how the two burdens compare. (D.I. 65 at 10) Taking all of these concerns into consideration, the Court agrees with Judge Burke that this factor weighs slightly against transfer, or is at best (for GoPro) neutral.

         4. Upon reviewing the parties' briefing and the record, the Court agrees that the Jumara factors weigh against transfer[5] for the reasons stated in ...

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