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Turulski v. Department of Veterans Affairs

United States District Court, D. Delaware

October 31, 2018

MARK T. TURULSKI, SR., Plaintiff,

          Mark T. Turulski, Sr. - Pro Se Plaintiff

          David C. Weiss, United States Attorney, Jennifer Lynne Hall, Assistant United States Attorney, Wilmington, DE - attorneys for Defendants



         Pending before the Court is the motion (D.I. 14) of Defendant the Department of Veterans Affairs ("VA") to dismiss Plaintiff Mark T. Turulski, Sr.'s complaint (D.I. 2) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1). For the forthgoing reasons, the Court will grant Defendant's motion.

         1. On May 23, 2018, Plaintiff, Mark T. Turulski, Sr., acting pro se, filed a complaint against the VA alleging that on September 8, 2016, he was assaulted and physically injured by "Sgt. Custodio" while in the custody of VA police. (Id. at 4-5). Plaintiff alleges that the injuries caused him "pain, suffering psychological, drama ... and perhaps most importantly loss of fiance (sic)." (Id. at 7). Plaintiff seeks damages in the amount of $7, 000, 000 from the government for personal injury resulting from the alleged wrongful act of a federal employee. (Id.).

         2. The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA), 28 U.S.C. §§ 1346(b), 2679(b)(1), "is the exclusive remedy against the United States for certain negligent or wrongful acts of federal employees acting within the scope of their employment." Priovolos v. Federal Bureau of Investigation, 686 Fed.Appx. 150, 152 (3d Cir. 2017) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 2679(b)(1); Aliota v. Graham, 984 F.2d 1350, 1355 (3d Cir. 1993)). Here, because Plaintiff seeks redress for the alleged wrongful acts of "Sgt. Custodio" while he was in VA police custody, his claims fall squarely under the FTCA.[1]

         3. The FTCA operates as a limited exception to the United States' sovereign immunity from suit for certain tort claims. See Abulkhair v. Bush, 413 Fed. App'x. 502, 506 (3d Cir. 2011). Before bringing an FTCA claim in court, however, a claimant must exhaust administrative remedies:

An action shall not be instituted . . . against the United States for money damages for injury ... caused by the negligent or wrongful act or omission of any employee of the Government while acting within the scope of his office or employment, unless the claimant shall have first presented the claim to the appropriate Federal agency and his claim shall have been finally denied by the agency in writing and sent by certified or registered mail.

28 U.S.C. § 2675(a) (emphasis added).

         4. Exhaustion of administrative remedies under the FTCA "is jurisdictional and cannot be waived." Bialowas v. United States, 443 F.2d 1047, 1049 (3d Cir. 1971) (citations omitted). Thus, "a court does not have jurisdiction before administrative remedies have been exhausted, and a court must dismiss any action that is initiated prematurely." Wilder v. Luzinski, 123 F.Supp.2d 312, 313 (E.D. Pa. 2000) (citing McNeil v. United States, 508 U.S. 106, 111 (1993)); see also Wujick v. Dale & Dale, 43 F.3d 790, 793-94 (3d Cir. 1994) (noting that administrative exhaustion under FTCA is mandatory and that the Supreme Court "firmly rejected" the "no harm, no foul" reasoning)). "[B]ecause the FTCA is a waiver of sovereign immunity by the United States, its requirements are strictly construed." Abulkhair, 413 Fed. App'x. at 506 (citing White-Squire v. USPS, 592 F.3d 453, 456 (3d Cir. 2010)).

         5. Here, Defendant argues that the Plaintiffs claims must be dismissed pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) because he failed to exhaust his administrative remedies as required under the FTCA. (D.I. 14at2-3).[2]

         6. A complaint challenged on the basis of Rule 12(b)(1) may be attacked on its face or in fact. Mortensen v. First Federal Sav. & Loan Ass'n 549 F.2d 884, 891 (3dCir. 1977). When the basis of a 12(b)(1) challenge is factual, "the trial court is free to weigh the evidence and satisfy itself as to the existence of its power to hear the case." Id. (adding "the plaintiff will have the burden of proof that jurisdiction does in fact exist"). Here, Defendant's motion is supported by a sworn Declaration of Lisa M. Wolfe, Staff Attorney, Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of General Counsel, Torts Law Group. (D.I. 14, Ex. A, ¶ 1 (the "Declaration")). The motion "therefore must be construed as a factual, rather than a facial attack on the Court's subject matter jurisdiction under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1)." Int'l Ass'n of Machinists & Aerospace Workers v. Nw. Airlines, Inc., 673 F.2d 700, 711 (3d Cir. 1982).

         7. In evaluating Defendant's motion and the existence of subject matter jurisdiction, the Court considers the Declaration along with documentation submitted by Plaintiff in relation to the instant motion.

         8. In the Declaration, Ms. Wolfe explains her familiarity with the official records of administrative claims maintained by the VA, as well as with the system by which those records are maintained. (Id. at ΒΆΒΆ 2-6). Ms. Wolfe states that she caused a search of the official records of administrative claims submitted to the VA and that ...

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