Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Re Anu v. Towing

United States District Court, D. Delaware

November 20, 2017

TWIN OAKS TOWING, et al., Defendants.



         The plaintiff, Sekhem Hamud Re Anu El ("the plaintiff), appears pro se and was granted permission to proceed in forma pauperis. (D.I. 6.) He commenced this action on August 28, 2017. (D.I. 2.) The court proceeds to review and screen the complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).


         The plaintiff is also known as Aalim A. Spencer. He was issued three citations, T4044662-6, T4044664-1, and T404463-0. (D.I. 2 at 1.) The court take judicial notice from the Magisterial District Courts Docket Sheets of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, that the plaintiff was arrested by the defendant Trooper Zachary R. Dombroski ("Dombroski") on June 14, 2017 in the Upper Chichester Township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. The plaintiff received citations for driving while operating privilege is suspended or revoked (citation T4044662-6), registration card to be signed and exhibited on demand (citation T4044664-1), and the unauthorized transfer or use of registration (citation T404463-0). It appears that the plaintiffs 2000 Ford Taurus was towed the same day by the defendant Twin Oaks Towing and Auto Services ("Twin Oaks Towing").[1] (D.I. 2 at 14). On June 30, 2017, the plaintiff was notified by Twin Oaks Towing that if he knowingly abandoned his vehicle for whatever reasons it would seek full reimbursement for all lost fees. (Id.) The plaintiff was given 48 hours to respond to Twin Oaks Towing's letter before the vehicle was processed for abandonment. (Id.)

         The traffic citations were filed in the Magisterial District Court on June 14, 2017, and transferred as cases on July 11, 2017. See Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Spencer, Docket Nos. MJ-32136-TR-0001680-2017; MJ-32136-TR-0001681-2017; MJ-32136-TR-0001682-2017; MJ-32128-TR-0001780-2017; MJ-32128-TR-0001781-2017; and MJ-32128-TR-0001782-2017. The court takes judicial notice that the plaintiff pled guilty to all three citations on October 25, 2017, and was imposed a fine of $494.82. See Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Spencer, Docket Nos. MJ-32128-TR-0001780-2017; MJ-32128-TR-0001781-2017; and MJ-32128-TR-0001782-2017.

         The plaintiff alleges that he has a constitutional right to travel and appears to allege that the imposition of the citations infringed upon that right. He also alleges that the defendants violated several federal criminal statutes including 18 U.S.C. §§ 241, 242, and 245. (D.I. 2 at 5, 12). It appears that the plaintiff seeks the return of his vehicle and the criminal prosecution of the defendants.


         A federal court may properly dismiss an action sua sponte under the screening provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) if "the action is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." Ball v. Famiglio, 726 F.3d 448, 452 (3d Cir. 2013); see also 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) (in forma pauperis actions). The court must accept all factual allegations in a complaint as true and take them in the light most favorable to a pro se plaintiff. Phillips v. County of Allegheny, 515 F.3d 224, 229 (3d Cir. 2008); Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 93 (2007). Because the plaintiff proceeds pro se, his pleading is liberally construed and his complaint, "however inartfiilly pleaded, must be held to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers." Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. at 94 (citations omitted).

         An action is frivolous if it "lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), a court may dismiss a complaint as frivolous if it is "based on an indisputably meritless legal theory" or a "clearly baseless" or "fantastic or delusional" factual scenario. Neitzke, 490 at 327-28; Wilson v. Rackmill, 878 F.2d 772, 774 (3d Cir. 1989).

         The legal standard for dismissing a complaint for failure to state a claim pursuant to § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) is identical to the legal standard used when ruling on Rule 12(b)(6) motions. Tourscher v. McCullough, 184 F.3d 236, 240 (3d Cir. 1999) (applying Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6) standard to dismissal for failure to state a claim under § 1915(e)(2)(B)). However, before dismissing a complaint or claims for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted pursuant to the screening provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915, the court must grant the plaintiff leave to amend his complaint unless amendment would be inequitable or futile. See Grayson v. Mayview State Hosp., 293 F.3d 103, 114 (3d Cir. 2002).

         A well-pleaded complaint must contain more than mere labels and conclusions. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009); Bell Atl Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007). A plaintiff must plead facts sufficient to show that a claim has substantive plausibility. See Johnson v. City of Shelby, __ U.S. __, 135 S.Ct. 346, 347 (2014). A complaint may not dismissed, however, for imperfect statements of the legal theory supporting the claim asserted. See Id. at 346.

         Under the pleading regime established by Twombly and Iqbal, a court reviewing the sufficiency of a complaint must take three steps: (1) take note of the elements the plaintiff must plead to state a claim; (2) identify allegations that, because they are no more than conclusions, are not entitled to the assumption of truth; and (3) when there are well-pleaded factual allegations, the court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement to relief. Connelly v. Lane Const. Corp., 809 F.3d 780, 787 (3d Cir. 2016) (internal citations and quotations omitted). Elements are sufficiently alleged when the facts in the complaint "show" that the plaintiff is entitled to relief. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 679 (quoting Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2)). Deciding whether a claim is plausible will be a "context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense." Id.


         To the extent the plaintiff seeks to impose criminal liability upon the defendants pursuant to the criminal statutes upon which he relies, he lacks standing to proceed. See Allen v. Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts, 270 Fed.Appx. 149, 150 (3d Cir, 2008) (unpublished); see United States v. Friedland,83 F.3d 1531, 1539 (3d Cir. 1996) ("[T]he United States Attorney is responsible for the prosecution of all criminal cases within his or her district."). The decision of whether to prosecute, and ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.