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In re Asbestos Litigation

Superior Court of Delaware

May 11, 2017

ATLAS TURNER LTD., et al, Defendants. ELIZABETH RAMSEY, Administrator of the Estate of DOROTHY RAMSEY, deceased, Plaintiff,

          Submitted: May 8, 2017

         Upon Plaintiff's Rule 59(e) Motion for Reargument and/or Reconsideration of February 2, 2017 Order Granting Defendant Herty 's Motion for Summary Judgment. DENIED.


          Vivian L. Medinilla Judge

         AND NOW TO WIT, this 11th day of May, 2017, upon consideration of Plaintiffs Motion for Reargument and/or Reconsideration of this Court's February 2, 2017 Order granting Defendant Georgia Southern University Advanced Development Center ("Herty")'s Motion for Summary Judgment, the response thereto, and the parties' positions at oral argument, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion for Reargument and/or Reconsideration is DENIED for the following reasons:

         1. Dorothy Ramsey ("Plaintiff), through her estate, alleges that Defendant Herty, a manufacturer of asbestos paper product, negligently failed to warn her of the risks of take-home asbestos exposure due to the use of Herty's product at her husband's workplace from 1976-1980. Specifically, she claims Herty owed her a duty of care because she was a "foreseeable plaintiff who would be exposed to Herty's asbestos product when her husband transported the asbestos debris home on his work uniform. She argues that Hetty's alleged failure to warn her of this danger was a proximate cause of her lung cancer.

         2. On February 2, 2017, this Court granted Herty's Motion for Summary Judgment.[1] The Court found that Plaintiff alleged claims of nonfeasance consistent with the allegations in Price v. E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co.[2] and Riedel v. ICI Americas Inc.[3] Further, Plaintiff conceded that no legally-significant "special relationship" existed between the parties. Without a special relationship, therefore, the Court held that Herty did not owe a duty of care to Plaintiff as a matter of law. This Rule 59(e) motion followed the grant of summary judgment to Herty.

         3. A motion for reargument under Delaware Superior Court Civil Rule 59(e) permits the Court to reconsider "its findings of fact, conclusions of law, or judgment. . . ."[4] "Delaware law places a heavy burden on a [party] seeking relief pursuant to Rule 59."[5] To prevail on a motion for reargument, the movant must demonstrate that "the Court has overlooked a controlling precedent or legal principles, or the Court has misapprehended the law or facts such as would have changed the outcome of the underlying decision."[6] Further, "[a] motion for reargument is not a device for raising new arguments, "[7] nor is it "intended to rehash the arguments already decided by the court."[8] Such tactics frustrate the interests of judicial efficiency and the orderly process of reaching finality on the issues.[9] The moving party has the burden of demonstrating "newly discovered evidence, a change of law, or manifest injustice."[10]

         4. Plaintiff does not argue "newly discovered evidence" or a "change of law." Instead, she contends that this Court misapprehended the law and facts relevant to Hetty's summary judgment motion. Plaintiff admits that there is no new or supplemental authority that was not already considered in the Court's prior ruling. Rather, she reasserts that this Court should have found that Herty owed a duty of care to her as a foreseeable plaintiff of its alleged negligence. Plaintiff points to the Restatement (Second) of Torts §§388 and 395 in her Motion and argues that this Court should have followed the general duty of care for manufacturers as recognized in cases such as In re Asbestos Litigation (Colgain)[11] Moreover, Plaintiff contends that the Court misapprehended the facts by mischaracterizing her claims: she continues to characterize Herty's alleged negligence as affirmative acts (i.e., misfeasance), rather than failures to act (i.e., nonfeasance). Without exception, all of Plaintiff s arguments in her Motion were considered in this Court's ruling on summary judgment.

         5. First, Plaintiff rehashes the same argument regarding duty of care. Plaintiff has consistently argued that a general duty of care should apply to the facts of this case.[12] This duty of care would extend to Plaintiff, the employee's spouse, as a "foreseeable plaintiff of Herty's alleged negligence. Plaintiff attempted to distinguish the case subjudice to the situations in Price and Riedel\ in both of these cases, Plaintiff argued, the Court's holding was limited to the situation where the employer fails to act to protect the employee's spouse-not where the manufacturer fails to protect a foreseeable plaintiff of its alleged negligence.[13] Nevertheless, the Court rejected this position, finding Price and Riedel controlling on duty of care in the take-home asbestos context.[14] Plaintiff disagrees with this conclusion, but she does not supplement her argument or claim that the Court overlooked controlling precedent. The Court will not reconsider its decision on duty of care where the Motion rehashes the same arguments considered in this Court's earlier opinion.

         6. Second, Plaintiffs citation to §§ 388 and 395 of the Restatement and suggestion that the Court misapprehended these sections is unpersuasive.[15] The Court set out in detail § 388 and its general applicability to failure-to-warn asbestos cases in its earlier decision.[16] While noting that § 388 is the traditionally-propounded theory of duty in such cases, [17] the Court distinguished Plaintiffs case from those cases where a manufacturer supplies an asbestos-containing product to a worksite and fails to warn a third-party user of the product's dangerous propensities.[18] Instead, the Court held that Price and Riedel augment this analysis in the context of take-home asbestos cases. Thus, where nonfeasance is alleged, the plaintiff must identify a special relationship before liability for nonfeasance may attach.[19] Plaintiffs arguments to the contrary were considered and rejected in this Court's earlier decision.

         7. Finally, Plaintiff reiterates that her failure-to-warn claims should be characterized as misfeasance rather than nonfeasance. This argument was fundamental to Plaintiffs contentions on summary judgment.[20] As such, this Court has already exhaustively considered this argument. Plaintiffs Motion disagrees with that conclusion, but this does not entitle her to reconsideration of that decision, particularly in the absence of any new or supplemental authority on this issue.

         For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiffs Rule 59(e) Motion for Reargument and/or Reconsideration of this Court's February 2, 2017 Order granting Defendant Herty's Motion for Summary Judgment is DENIED.

         IT IS ...

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