July 30, 2015
Thomas E. Noble
Gov. Jack Markell, et. al.
Ryan P. Connell, Esquire
Pending before me is a Motion to Disqualify and a Motion to Stay Order filed pro se by an inmate, Thomas E. Noble. For the reasons that follow, both motions are denied.
On March 6, 2015, I issued a final report recommending the revocation of Mr. Noble's in forma pauperis status upon the motion filed by Defendant Warden David Pierce, which had informed the Court of Mr. Noble's prior history of filing pro se frivolous lawsuits under different names in the federal courts of Pennsylvania and Delaware. On March 19, 2015, the copy of my final report that had been mailed to Mr. Noble was returned to the Court by the United States Post Office because Mr. Noble had been transferred to a different institution and had failed to notify the Court of his new address. The final report was resent to Mr. Noble's new address on March 19th, but on that date, the Court received a letter from Mr. Noble dated March 9, 2015, attached to which was a "multi-layered motion" seeking to disqualify me for conflict of interest and bias, requesting the provision of certain documents Mr. Noble had previously filed, and the entry of default judgment against all the defendants who had failed to answer Mr. Noble's complaint. Thereafter, on April 1, 2015, Mr. Noble filed a motion to stay the order, i.e., my final report, until after his documents had been returned to him and an impartial judicial officer was appointed to adjudicate his motion to disqualify me.
Mr. Noble seeks my disqualification because I allegedly: (a) failed to provide him with copies of his amended complaint and other pro se documents, forcing him to proceed solely by memory; (2) allowed his case to "just sit gathering dust, so to speak, while effectively obstructing the service of [Mr. Noble's] amended complaint[;]" and (3) have been influenced by "behind-the-scenes communications" with Defendant Pierce's attorney. The so-called "behind-the-scenes communications refers to a cover letter to the Court filed on October 15, 2014,  which enclosed courtesy copies of Defendant Pierce's Motion to Revoke In Forma Pauperis Status and Response to Motions for Preliminary Relief. The attorney sent a copy of this letter to Mr. Noble, but without the enclosures that already had been e-filed on October 14th. Mr. Noble found this omission to be unethical behavior on the attorney's part and, apparently, mine as well.
Mr. Noble's motion to disqualify is governed by Rule 2.11(A) of the Code of Judicial Conduct, which states:
(A) A judge should disqualify himself or herself in a proceeding in which the judge's impartiality might reasonably be questioned, including but not limited to instances where:
(1) The judge has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party, or personal knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the proceeding ….
Judicial impartiality is fundamental to due process. As a result, the standards governing judicial conduct require both actual impartiality as well as the appearance of impartiality. If there is a claim that the judge is personally biased or prejudiced concerning a party, a judge must engage in a two-part analysis. First, the judge must, "as a matter of subjective belief, be satisfied that he can proceed to hear the cause free of bias or prejudice concerning that party. Second, even if the judge believes that he has no bias, situations may arise where, actual bias aside, there is the appearance of bias sufficient to cause doubt as to the judge's impartiality."
As a subjective matter, I have no bias or prejudice against Mr. Noble, and believe that I will judge impartially. Furthermore, none of Mr. Noble's conclusory accusations establish bias, prejudice or a conflict of interest as a matter of law. Every litigant is understandably anxious to have his or her case resolved quickly, but Mr. Noble's complaint is just one of many complaints and civil miscellaneous matters on my docket. In addition, delays in this case have been caused, in part, by Mr. Noble's transfers to different institutions and his numerous pro se filings, which have had to be reviewed and addressed. Furthermore, although Mr. Noble has made many demands on the Court to provide him with copies of his pro se filings, there is no requirement that the Court provide Mr. Noble with copies of his own filings when he has the opportunity to make copies himself. According to the affidavit of Michael Little, the Legal Services Administrator at the James T. Vaughn Correctional Center where Mr. Noble was initially housed, indigent inmates are permitted to acquire pens, papers and other supplies necessary to access the courts, without paying for them first, while notary services and photocopying are provided to inmates free of charge. Finally, Mr. Noble's claim that I have been influenced by "behind-the-scenes" communications with the attorney representing Defendant Pierce is entirely without foundation. Mr. Noble has simply misconstrued the longstanding practice of sending courtesy copies of documents filed in the Court directly to judges' chambers. Since those same documents had already been filed in the Court, there was no need for the attorney to have duplicated service of those documents on Mr. Noble with the copy of the October 15th cover letter to me.
I am satisfied that I am, in fact, unbiased and that these proceedings are impartial and will also appear impartial. Therefore, I recommend that the Court deny Mr. Noble's motion for disqualification.
Mr. Noble is asking the Court to grant a stay of the order revoking his in forma pauperis status. The Court's authority to grant a stay is part of its inherent power to exercise discretion in controlling the disposition of actions on its docket "in order to promote economies of time and effort for the court, litigants, and counsel." The Court exercises its discretion only upon a "clear showing by the moving party of hardship or inequity so great as to overbalance all possible inconvenience or delay to his opponent." Mr. Noble's application for a stay should be denied because he has failed to show any hardship or inequity. His justification for a stay – until the return of legal documents that were seized from him – is now moot because his legal documents have been returned to him by Defendant Pierce. He also wants the order stayed until an impartial judicial officer is appointed to adjudicate the above motion to disqualify me, but only the judicial officer whose impartiality is being challenged can address the motion to disqualify in the first instance. It would be a hardship for the defendants and inequitable if the Court stayed these proceedings for what amounts to mere delaying tactics by Mr. Noble. The record is clear that Mr. Noble has a history of filing frivolous complaints, and he should never have been approved for in forma pauperis status in the first place. Therefore, I recommend that the Court deny his motion to stay.
I am waiving a draft report and issuing this recommendation as my final report. I refer the parties to Court of Chancery Rule 144 for the process of taking exception to a Master's Final Report.
Kim E. Ayvazian Master in Chancery