United States District Court, D. Delaware
April 15, 2014
GENETIC TECHNOLOGIES LTD., Plaintiff,
NATERA, INC., fka GENE SECURITY NETWORK, INC., Defendant.
LEONARD P. STARK, District Judge.
Pending before the Court in this patent infringement case is Defendant Natera, Inc.'s ("Natera") motion to transfer to the Northern District of California ("Northern District"), pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). (D.I. 20) Such motions require a case-specific consideration of the circumstances presented and a weighing of several factors, including those identified by the Third Circuit in Jumara v. State Farm Ins. Co., 55 F.3d 873 (3d Cir. 1995); see also, e.g., Intellectual Ventures I LLC v. Altera Corp., 2012 WL 297720 (D. Del. Jan. 24, 2012). Having considered the Jumara factors and this Court's related decisions applying them, the Court finds all but one of the factors involved in the present case are either neutral or weigh strongly in favor of transfer. Accordingly, Natera's motion to transfer is GRANTED, for the following reasons.
1. The choice of forum of Plaintiff, Genetic Technologies Ltd. ("GTG"), disfavors transfer. However, the amount of deference to be given to GTG's choice of forum is somewhat reduced given that Delaware is not GTG's "home turf." See In re Link_A_Media Devices Corp., 662 F.3d 1221, 1223 (Fed. Cir. 2011) ("When a plaintiff brings its charges in a venue that is not its home forum, ... that choice of forum is entitled to less deference."). GTG is an Australian corporation with its principal place of business in Victoria, Australia. (D.I. 1 ¶ 1) While GTG has rational and legitimate reasons for suing Natera in Delaware - Natera is a Delaware corporation, and GTG has related patent infringement actions pending in this District - these factors are not dispositive in the analysis.
2. Defendant's choice of the Northern District, of course, weighs in favor of transfer. Natera's principal place of business is San Carlos, California, which is in the Northern District and is where the majority of its 289 employees work. (D.I. 21 at 3) Natera is a Delaware corporation, which, as already noted, is a relevant but not controlling factor.
3. The relative convenience of the parties strongly favors transfer and GTG's contentions to the contrary are unpersuasive. Natera is a small startup company with 289 employees, 241 of whom are employed in San Carlos. (D.I. 21 at 3) By contrast, GTG is a publicly-traded company with over $70 million in revenue from IP licensing and nearly $9 million in cash reserves. (D.I. 26 at 5) The Northern District is approximately 2, 500 miles closer to GTG's Australian headquarters than is Delaware, and is the District in which Natera is principally located. (D.I. 21 at 9)
4. Most significantly, and pertinent to several factors in the analysis, is that there are multiple cases involving the same '179 patent-in-suit pending in other Districts, including the Northern District. GTG chose to bring two separate suits involving the '179 patent in the Northern District, effectively conceding the convenience of the Northern District. Before the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ("JPML"), GTG contended the Northern District was preferable to Delaware as a venue for centralizing pre-trial litigation. (Declaration of W. Paul Schuck ("Schuck Deel."), Ex. F; MDL D.I. 51 at 20) The JPML declined to make the '179 litigation into an MDL, meaning that the related suits will proceed independently in separate Districts. ( See Tr. at 10) Hence, as of December 2013, GTG cases asserting the '179 patent were pending in Delaware, the Northern District, the Middle District of North Carolina, and the District of New Jersey. (D.I. 33 at 6-7) Transfer of the instant action to the Northern District is not likely to increase the overall burden on the federal judiciary, given the pendency of an action in that District involving GTG's assertion of the' 179 patent. See Genetic Techs. Ltd. v. Agilent Technologies, Inc., C.A. No. 12-cv-01616-RS (N.D. Cal.); see also Fuzzy Sharp Technologies, Inc. v. NVIDIA Corp., No. 09-cv-00872 (D. Del. Apr. 6, 2010) (favoring transfer when another jurisdiction has prior experience with patent-in-suit); In re Link_A_Media Devices Corp., 662 F.3d at 1224 (considering "a district court's concurrent litigation involving the same patent to be a relevant consideration, if the court's experience was not tenuous and the cases were co-pending"). Consequently, the practical considerations and administrative difficulties factors strongly favor transfer.
5. All of the other Jumara factors are either neutral or favor transfer. Overall, then, Natera has met its heavy burden of demonstrating that this case should be transferred to the Northern District.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
Defendant Natera's motion to transfer this action to the Northern District of California (D.I. 20) is GRANTED.