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Idegwu v. Colvin

United States District Court, Third Circuit

January 16, 2014

ROXIE L. IDEGWU, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.


Plaintiff has two main objections.[1] The first is that there was not substantial evidence supporting the ALJ's conclusion that the Plaintiff "could lift above the sedentary level of exertion." (D.I. 21, p. 5). The second is that the ALJ erred in deciding that Plaintiff had a RFC above the sedentary level. The two objections have overlap.

The ALJ discussed various medical opinions about Plaintiffs capacity for lifting. Dr. Ashby, a treating physician, opined that Plaintiff could "lift and carry" "less than 10 lbs." "occasionally." (D.I. 11 at 360). The ALJ gave this opinion little weight.[2] Dr. Lifrak, who examined Plaintiff once, concluded that "using the right hand, [Plaintiff] is able to lift weights of up to 10 pounds, and using the left hand [Plaintiff] is able to lift weights of up to 5 pounds on a regular basis." (D.I. 11 at 305). The ALJ gave this opinion little weight.[3] Dr. Rowe, a treating orthopedist, who last saw Plaintiff on October 27, 2008 (D.I. 11 at 300)[4], opined that Plaintiffs "maximum capacity to lift and/or carry" was "50 pounds" occasionally and "10 pounds" frequently.[5] (D.I. 11 at 299). The ALJ gave Dr. Rowe's lifting and carrying opinion little weight, because "giving [Plaintiff] every benefit of the doubt, " the ALJ thought Plaintiffs exertional capacity was more limited than Dr. Rowe did. (D.I. 11 at 21). Dr. Goldsmith, a state agency medical consultant (i.e., a records reviewer), opined that Plaintiff could occasionally lift and/or carry 10 pounds, and could frequently lift and/or carry 10 pounds.[6] (D.I. 11 at 310). While the ALJ accepted most of Dr. Goldsmith's other opinions, the ALJ gave the lifting and carrying opinion little weight "as there is no objective evidence in the record that reflects that [Plaintiffs] exertional capacity is as limited as that assessed by [Dr. Goldsmith]." (D.I. 11 at 21).

Thus, four medical opinions - including two (Drs. Lifrak and Goldsmith) that were from doctors hired by the State - on lifting and carrying were rejected by the ALJ. The ALJ did not directly state in her opinion how many pounds Plaintiff could lift and carry. The ALJ did, however, conclude that Plaintiff had the RFC "to perform light work as defined in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1567(b) except that [Plaintiff] can stand and walk for 2 hours in an 8 hour workday, sit for 6 hours in an 8 hour workday, ...." (D.I. 11 at 16). The regulations define light work: "Light work involves lifting no more than 20 pounds at a time with frequent lifting or carrying of objects weighing up to 10 pounds." Thus, by implication, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff could occasionally lift 20 pounds, when no doctor other than Dr. Rowe (at a time a year before the relevant time) thought Plaintiff could lift more than 10 pounds occasionally.[7]

The Commissioner argues that the ALJ's determination is supported by Dr. Rowe's opinion and notes of Dr. Osunkoya. The problem with the former is that the ALJ gave the opinion "little weight" and, if the ALJ had considered the matter consistently with the consideration of the other opinions, and the rest of Dr. Rowe's opinion, the ALJ would have discounted it for failure to "point to any objective testing to support" the conclusions. The problem with the latter is not so much that the ALJ did not cite the notes for any conclusion about lifting and carrying, but that the notes are (to me, at least) ambiguous as to what they mean. The end of a three-page office note by Dr. Osunkoya, dated November 16, 2009, reads, "Chronic back pain ... f/u Dr. Balu/ortho ... no lifting > 30 lb." (D.I. 11 at 318). While it might be inferred that when a doctor instructs a patient not to lift more than 30 pounds, the doctor believes that the patient can lift up to 30 pounds, it requires a knowledge of medical practice that I do not have to make that inference.[8]

Thus, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff had exertional capabilities that were inconsistent with every medical opinion in the record. The ALJ's explanation for the rejections were, in my opinion, insufficient. Three of the four opinions were rejected because there was no objective testing to support the conclusion. The ALJ did not identify the objective testing that might have been done to determine how many pounds could be lifted and/or carried for how long by the Plaintiff. The ALJ did not discuss any other factors relevant to determining how much weight to give the various opinions. Some explanation must be given "for rejection of probative evidence which would suggest a contrary disposition." (D.I. 20 at 25, citing Brewster v. Heckler, 786 F.2d 581, 585 (3d Cir. 1986)). I cannot conclude that the ALJ gave sufficient explanation to justify rejecting three opinions[9] that would have led to a conclusion that Plaintiffs exertional capacity was insufficient for "light work."[10] Thus, the lack of substantial evidence for the lifting limitations carries through as a lack of substantial evidence for the RFC determination.

It appears that the parties are agreed (D.I. 21 at p.l [citing the Medical-Vocational Guidelines at 20 C.F.R. Pt. 404, Subpt. P, App. 2, Rule 201.14], to which the Commissioner does not respond) that, if the ALJ was wrong to find the RFC that the ALJ set forth, then the Plaintiff would be disabled. I cannot, however, conclude that the ALJ was wrong. I can only conclude that the ALJ did not sufficiently justify her analysis so that I can conclude there is substantial evidence to support it. Thus, I will remand this matter to the Commissioner for further consideration consistent with this Memorandum.


The Plaintiff has filed objections (D.I. 21) to a Report & Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge. (D.I. 20). The Defendant has responded. (D.I. 22). The matter is now before this Court.

The Magistrate Judge had authority to make the decision pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B). Objections having been filed, this Court must review de novo the objected to determinations of the Magistrate Judge.

After review of the parties' submissions, the Report & Recommendation, the ALJ's opinion, and the Administrative Record (D.I. 11), the Court, for the reasons stated in the accompanying Memorandum, this 16th day of January 2014, HEREBY ORDERS:

1. The Plaintiffs Objections are SUSTAINED IN PART;

2. The Report & Recommendation, to the extent not objected to, is ADOPTED;

3. The Plaintiffs Motion for Summary Judgment (D.I. 15) is GRANTED;

4. The Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (D.I. ...

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