January 7, 2014
Audrey E. Sweiger
Delaware Park, L.L.C. & Delaware Racing Association d/b/a Delaware Park,
Date submitted: October 8, 2013
Before the Court is Defendants' Delaware Park, L.L.C. & Delaware Racing Association d/b/a Delaware Park ("Defendants'") Motion for Reargument of Plain tiff's Audrey E. Sweiger ("Plaintiff's") Motion in Limine to Preclude Defendants from Denying or Otherwise Challenging Items which were the subject of Plaintiff's Request for Admissions. Defendant's Motion is GRANTED in part, DENIED in part.
Facts and Procedural Background
This Motion stems from an incident which occurred on the evening of January 13, 2010. On that date, Plaintiff, an eighty-one-year-old woman, visited Defendants' establishment, and was present in Defendants' casino at about 6:20 p.m. Plaintiff claims that she left the casino area and entered an adjacent glass-enclosed alcove, which Plaintiff believed to be a smoking room. Plaintiff then attempted to re-enter the casino through a different entrance and in doing so, walked into an unmarked glass window and fell to the floor. She suffered bodily injuries as a result. Other glass windows within the wall contained decals, but the one causing Plaintiff's injury did not.
During discovery, Plaintiff served Defendants a Request for Admissions under this Court's Civil Rule 36 ("Rule 36"). Out of twenty-two admissions requested, nineteen relat ed to Plaintiff's medical bills, each asking (1) whether the bill was a true and correct copy of the bill ("Admission 1"), (2) whether the amount charged was a customary charge for the services rendered ("Admission 2"), and (3) whether such care was necessary treatment for the injuries sustained ("Admission 3"). Defendants responded that they were without sufficient information to reply to Admission 1, and denied Admissions 2 and 3. The two remaining requested admissions asked about the absence and then subsequent presence of a decal on the glass window which caused Plaintiff's injury.
Plaintiff filed a Motion in Limine to Preclude Defendants from Denying or Otherwise Challenging Items which were the Subject of Plaintiff's Request for Admissions, which this Court granted. The Court first reasoned that any requested admissions regarding the placement of a decal on the glass window which caused Plaintiff's injury were irrelevant because Defendants owed no duty to place a decal on the window. The Court then reasoned that because Defendants' responses to Admissions 1 through 3 did not adequately comport with Rule 36, the requested admissions, as they related to medical bills, which the Court did not consider to be a significant issue, could be conclusively established.
Defendants begin by explaining how, despite Plaintiff's assertions to the contrary, their responses to her requested admissions have been timely. They claim that their response to Admission 1, to which they asserted lack of information, was adequate due to Plaintiff's failure to establish the authenticity of her medical bills.Defendants then claim that their denials of Admissions 2 and 3 were adequate, as Plaintiff herself admitte d. Additio nally, they contend that their denials to Admissions 2 and 3 are not insignificant because, as they claim, the reasonableness and necessity of Plaintiff's medical charges have been ultimate fact issues throughout this litigation. Defendants agree that the bulk of this case has focused on issues of liability, but assert that they have not precluded themselves from cross-examining Plaintiff on the causation of her injuries, or whether her medical bills were reasonable and necessary.
This Court's Civil Rules permit a party to file a motion for reargument. "[A] motion for reargument is appropriate where it is shown that the Court either overlooked a precedent or legal principle that would have controlling effect, or misapprehended the law or the facts such as would affect the outcome of the decision." A Court should not grant the motion unless it erred in its initial ruling by overlooking issue-determinative precedent or misapplying some element such that the prior ruling should not stand. A motion for reargument, however, is not to be used as a tool for reiteration of arguments which were heard and rejected.
In granting Plaintiff's initial Motion, this Court only meant to establish the matters related to Admissions 1 and 2. The Court notes that Admission 3 goes to causation. At no time throughout this litigation has this Court intended to lighten Plaintiff's burden in establishing each element of her prima facie case of negligence. Therefore, Defendants' responses to Admission 3 cannot be deemed conclusively established. Because this Court does not consider the authenticity or regularity of Plaintiff's medical bills to have ever been ultimate fact issues in this case, Defendants' responses to Admissions 1 and 2 will remain conclusively established for efficiency purposes.
Based on the above, Defendant's Motion is GRANTED in part, DENIED in part.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Very truly yours,
Richard F. Stokes Judge