August 12, 2013
William R. Huff, et al.
Longview Energy Company
Submitted: July 15, 2013
Bruce E. Jameson, Esquire, Patrick W. Flavin, Esquire, PRICKETT JONES & ELLIOTT, P.A.
Donald J. Wolfe, Jr., Esquire Timothy R. Dudderar, Esquire POTTER ANDERSON & CORROON LLP.
The plaintiffs, William Huff and Richard D'Angelo, seek indemnification from the defendant, Longview Energy Company ("Longview"), a Delaware corporation that they serve on as directors. Their claim to indemnity arises in an unusual context. As a matter of undisputed fact, a Texas court entered a judgment against Huff, D'Angelo, and Riley-Huff Energy Group, LLC ("Riley-Huff") as a result of a breach of fiduciary duty committed by Huff and D'Angelo in connection with their usurpation of a corporate opportunity. The corporate opportunity belonging to Longview related to property interests in Eagle Ford, a large area of land in south Texas with known formations of shale oil. As a remedy for that breach, the jury imposed not only a constructive trust in favor of Longview on the profits and ownership of Riley-Huff's interests in Eagle Ford, but a damage award of $95 million against Huff and D'Angelo. Huff and D'Angelo have appealed the judgment of the Texas court.
As things thus stand, Huff and D'Angelo are adjudicated as having breached their fiduciary duty of loyalty to Longview and the action for which they seek indemnification is not over, because they themselves are appealing it. Despite the pending appeal, Huff and D'Angelo have brought an action seeking indemnification on the ground that they there were "successful" within the meaning of 8 Del. C. § 145(c) because Longview had originally asserted eight counts against them, but ultimately decided at trial to just present a single straightforward breach of fiduciary claim for usurpation of corporate opportunity to the jury. Analogizing to cases in which a corporate fiduciary sought indemnification because specific criminal counts were dismissed even though the fiduciary was found guilty on other charges,  Huff and D'Angelo claim that they were partially successful despite suffering what on its face appears to be a devastating defeat. They also claim that their success is locked in, because if they win on appeal, and the case is remanded for a new trial, Longview will be precluded under Texas law from pressing all of its theories against Huff and D'Angelo in connection with the Texas action except the one on which it obtained important and substantial success the first time around.
This case now comes before the court on Longview's motion to dismiss or stay. The motion to dismiss is granted on the ground that is most sensitive to the important interests at stake. Huff and D'Angelo are trying to extend precedent relating to indemnification under 8 Del. C. § 145(c) developed in the context of a criminal action to the civil context where corporate fiduciaries are found liable for a serious breach of fiduciary duty of loyalty and substantial economic damages to the company. According to Huff and D'Angelo, Longview's decision not to ask the jury to address all the various legal characterizations that might have applied to the fiduciaries' alleged misconduct means that they were "successful." Given that there is a regrettable proliferation of counts in all business litigation, and it is often possible to characterize claims for breach of fiduciary duty in various ways, Huff and D'Angelo's theory is one that the court must address carefully.
By attempting to press this theory in advance of the completion of the Texas proceeding, the plaintiffs are pursuing a claim for indemnification in an unfair way. Their unique theory necessarily requires an analysis of the completed Texas proceeding to determine the extent of success. Under settled principles of Delaware law, "indemnification claims do not typically ripen until after the merits of an action have been decided, and all appeals have been resolved." The blithe argument of Huff and D'Angelo that it is certain that Longview has forever waived any right to press its other theories simply because it filed no appeal from a final judgment giving the corporation a seemingly huge victory is not one that can be accepted in advance of a final appellate decision by the Texas courts and a complete record. If the Texas appellate courts remand for a new trial, it is by no means facially obvious that they will limit Longview's ability to present all of its theories simply because it proceeded more economically in the first trial. Nor does it make sense, or is it even possible, for the court to determine the extent of Huff and D'Angelo's success and to award any indemnification until the Texas action is fully completed. By its nature, indemnification requires a careful analysis of the record in the underlying action and the piecemeal approach taken by Huff and D'Angelo inevitably requires some consideration of exactly how partial the success was (an imprecise inquiry at best), which cannot be fairly determined until the underlying action is finally completed. To do so in advance of a final determination of the underlying action would also risk the need to reopen this action to revise the court's decision because the decision was wrong, precisely because it was based on a hazardous and unwarranted guess as to how the underlying action would come out, rather than a considered judgment of the record of the underlying action as it exists only after it is finally determined by a judgment that is no longer subject to the possibility of appeal.
Finally, although, as Huff and D'Angelo point out, 8 Del. C. § 145(c) does not turn on any good faith standard, its plain terms do address successful litigants.Corporate fiduciaries who, unless they overturn a jury verdict, owe the corporation nearly $100 million and must yield to the company's substantial property rights, because they have been adjudicated to have breached their fiduciary duties, are not in an equitable position to ask this court to allow them to prematurely seek a money damages claim from the corporation to which they owed a duty of loyalty. Summing up who owes what as between Huff and D'Angelo on the one hand, and Longview on the other, should be done on a settled record, and it would be inequitable to give Huff and D'Angelo some leg up by accelerating their right to indemnification by disregarding settled law.
For all these reasons, Longview's motion to dismiss the complaint without prejudice because it does not state a ripe claim is GRANTED. IT IS SO ORDERED.
Very truly yours,
LEO E. STRINE, JR. CHANCELLOR