ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY (D.C. Civ. No. 76-0180)
Before: SEITZ, Chief Judge, and VAN DUSEN and GARTH, Circuit Judges
This is a diversity case involving questions of New Jersey law concerning finder's fees and tortious interference with economic interests. The plaintiff, Inventive Music Ltd., appeals from the district court's grant of a directed verdict at the close of the plaintiff's case in favor of the defendants Jack L. Cohen and First National State Bank (the co-executor defendants) and Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (Columbia).
In reviewing the grant of a directed verdict, this court "must expose the evidence to the strongest light favorable to the party against whom the motion is made and give him the advantage of every fair and reasonable inference." Fireman's Fund Insurance Co. v. Videfreeze Corp ., 540 F.2d 1171, 1178 (3d Cir. 1976), cert. denied, 429 U.S. 1053 (1977). Where there is conflicting or inconclusive evidence, it is for the trier of fact to resolve the conflict and to draw inferences therefrom.With these principles in mind, we turn to the evidence presented by the plaintiff.
In December of 1973, Jon C. Meadow, the president of the plaintiff Inventive Music, learned that Savoy Record Co. might be available for sale in the near future. Meadow called an official at Savoy and offered to act as a finder. This official told Meadow to contact defendant Jack L. Cohen, the attorney and business advisor of the owner of Savoy, who would be representing Savoy in connection with any sale. Meadow called Cohen and had numerous discussions with him. On February 25, 1974, Cohen wrote to Meadow that Meadow should not offer Savoy for sale. He added: "on the other hand, if an interested party communicates with us through you, we will recognize you as the finder."
Starting in February 1974, Meadow made several attempts to contact officials at defendant Columbia concerning a possible purchase of Savoy. On March 7, Meadow wrote to an official at Columbia. On March 18, Alan Adler, the Columbia employee in charge of acquisitions, tried to call Meadow, but Meadow was not in his office.
Meadow testified that he finally reached Adler by phone on June 28, 1974. When Adler asked what company was for sale, Meadow told him that it was Savoy. He also informed Adler that Columbia should deal with Savoy through him. Adler responded that he would have to discuss the matter with Clive Davis, a consultant of Columbia, and that he would get back to Meadow by July 12.
Adler testified in his deposition, which was introduced into evidence, that he first contacted Cohen about a possible sale of Savoy on July 9. According to Cohen's testimony, Adler told Cohen at that time that Columbia was not approaching Savoy through a finder.
On July 12, Meadow contacted Adler by phone. At that point, Adler informed Meadow that Davis had already been "working on" a Savoy purchase and that Columbia considered the purchase to be an "in-house" deal, rendering Meadow's services unnecessary.
Thereafter, on July 15, Meadow wrote to Cohen to inform him that Columbia had learned of Savoy through him, information repeated in a telephone conversation the next day. Cohen testified that he then contacted Adler and told him that that if the facts in Meadow's July 15 letter were true, "you have been far from candid with me." In response, Adler told Cohen that Davis and another Columbia employee named Backer had been working on the acquisition prior to Meadow's call on June 28.
After the consummation of the sale of Savoy to Columbia, the plaintiff filed this suit to recover a finder's fee from the co-executor defendants*fn1 and to recover damages from Columbia for tortious interference with the plaintiff's contract with Savoy.At the close of the plaintiff's evidence in a jury trial, the district court granted the co-executor defendants a directed verdict, stating from the bench that Meadow had not been the procuring cause of the ...