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United States v. Tillman

September 27, 1972

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
GEORGE H. TILLMAN, APPELLANT, AND MORRIS MCGANTS.



Before VAN DUSEN, ALDISERT and ADAMS, Circuit Judges.

Opinion OF THE COURT

Per Curiam:

This appeal challenges a July 30, 1971, judgment and commitment based on a jury's verdict, returned January 8, 1971, that defendant was guilty on Counts 1 and 2 of an indictment charging, respectively, violations of 26 U.S.C. §§ 4704(a) and 4705(a) (1970) through sale of narcotics on June 7, 1968. First, defendant relies on the enactment of 21 U.S.C. § 841, which became effective May 1, 1971, and which nullified the mandatory minimum sentences and the prohibition of probation until then required by 26 U.S.C. §§ 7237(b) and (d), to dispute the trial judge's conclusion that he was required to impose at least a five-year sentence without probation on Count 2 of the indictment. The defendant contends that the five-year sentence on Count 2 should be reversed and the case remanded to the trial court for resentencing.

This contention of defendant is rejected in view of our decision in United States v. Caldwell, 463 F.2d 590 (3d Cir., 1972), where this court held:

". . . [We] must construe the 'savings provision' of Section 1103(a) to mean that sentencing for violations of the old Act shall not be affected by the new Act. Having reached this conclusion, it becomes clear that the provisions of 1 U.S.C. § 109 have the effect of preserving the penalties prescribed by 26 U.S.C. §§ 4705(a) and 7237(d), . . . ."

Second, defendant argues that he was deprived of a claimed right "to participate in the plea bargaining process" and knowingly to plead guilty. He alleges in his brief that his attorney never told him that Count 2 carried with it a mandatory sentence or that the United States Attorney had offered to drop Count 2 in exchange for a plea of guilty on Count 1, which did not have a mandatory sentence. The record before us, the notes of testimony at the sentencing hearing, is not sufficient to support this allegation.*fn1 We note that defendant has had the opportunity to raise this contention in a pending habeas corpus proceeding in which decision has not yet been rendered.

The judgment and commitment will be ...


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