William Prickett, Jr., Wilmington, for plaintiffs.
This is a suit by the widow and executor of decedent's estate for damages as the result of the decedent's death in a collision between an automobile driven by himself and a truck operated by Jenkins but owned by Hope's Suburban Garbage Collection.
Defendant, Jenkins, failed to appear and a default judgment was entered against him. This is an inquisition without a jury to determine damages.
The executor's suit involved the elements of pain and suffering and damages to decedent's car. Inasmuch as the decedent died instantly as a result of the collision, it is conceded that pain and suffering do not constitute items of recoverable damages. I find the difference in value of decedent's car immediately before and immediately following the accident to be $2,350.
As to the suit by the widow, the applicable statute is 10 Del.C. § 3704(b) which reads:
'Whenever death is occasioned by unlawful violence or negligence, and no suit is brought by the party injured to recover damages during his or her life, the widow or widower of any such deceased person, or, if there is no widow or widower, the personal representatives, may maintain an action for and recover damages for the death and loss thus occasioned.'
[49 Del. 598] I have examined a number of our decisions bearing upon the rule for the ascertainment of damages under this section of the Code.  In each case collected in the footnote, the rule as to the measure of damages is to be found in the charge to the jury. The rule has been the subject of frequent criticism, for instance, see Cann v. Mann Construction Co., 8 Terry 504,93 A.2d 741, but persists in our law.
The language of the charges contained in these decisions is quite general in character, and as may be expected, differs somewhat. It may be summarized as follows. The widow is presently entitled to receive a sum which (invested) would equal the amount she would have received from her husband had he lived his full expectancy. Or, stated otherwise, she should receive an award which would permit her to enjoy the same economic position she would have been in had her husband not been killed.
Deceased, at the time of his death, had been employed for a number of years by the Huber Baking Co., and received a salary of $5,000 annually. The widow's uncontradicted testimony was that she received from him $3,000 a year. The uncontradicted testimony of an actuary fixes $229.02 as the correct sum by which any present monthly dollar would have to be multiplied in order to determine the amount which the widow is presently entitled to receive based on the expectancy tables and a rate of interest of 3 1/4 per cent. This computation ($229.02) takes into account the present worth or present value of the damages in the light of the charge of this Court in Purnell v. Howarth et al., No. 292 September Term 1947, New Castle County, in which it was said:
[49 Del. 599] 'And if your verdict is for the plaintiff, then it is your duty to compute the amount of damage at the present value or present worth, that is, in such sum which, if paid on the date of the verdict, would be a just cash equivalent of the sum total of such lost future contributions which the plaintiff would have received. The present worth should be calculated by discounting the future contributions which you find the plaintiff would have received each year during her husband's life expectancy by a fixed percentage each year. It is for you alone to determine what rate of interest you should adopt to discount to their present value those future payments which you find the plaintiff would have received.'
While this case was unreported, this Court has, since that time upon request, charged juries in death actions to compute damages at the present worth or present value. Compare Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. v. Kelly,241 U.S. 485, 36 S.Ct. 630, 60 L.Ed. 1117; Vescio v. Penna. Electric Co.,336 Pa. 502, 9 A.2d 546.
Accordingly, the following formula may be applied in this case:
$60 per week X 4 1/2 (weeks in the month) X $229.02.
It is also urged that in determining the damages, I should take into account whether, had decedent lived, he would have increased the amount which he would have been able to give his wife. In this connection, plaintiff's counsel points to the ...